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The Excess Cost grant is the State of Connecticut’s method for sharing in the expense for students who have extraordinary special education needs and associated costs. The adjusted state budget for FY 2023 amended the Excess Cost grant's formula for reimbursement in an effort to make the grant more equitable. However, the modifications made to the grant’s allocation formula have created unforeseen issues as detailed in this policy briefing.

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less than 1 minute

Education Funding

March 29, 2020

FAQs: Excess Cost Grant

This frequently asked questions document from the School and State Finance Project summarizes key components of Connecticut's Excess Cost grant, which is provided by the State to school districts to assist them in paying for special education expenses for students with extraordinary needs.

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less than 1 minute

Education Funding

Governor Dannel Malloy’s budget proposal for the FY 2018–2019 biennium disentangles special education funding from the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant by reducing the ECS foundation amount by 22 percent, which is equal to the total amount of the ECS grant that Connecticut currently reports to the U.S. Department of Education is attributable to special education. The Connecticut School Finance Project has prepared an independent analysis examining these proposed changes and how they align with six key principles and practices all special education finance systems should follow, based on a comprehensive 50-state survey examining state special education finance models.

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2 minutes

Education Funding

In 2004, the U.S. Congress passed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, which was a reauthorization of the 1975 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). There are three primary financial principles that frame the requirements states and districts must follow under IDEA. These are known as “supplement not supplant,” “maintenance of support,” and “maintenance of effort.” Although these three principles are distinct, they are also interrelated. This memorandum defines these terms and describes how they interact to define how states allocate funding for special education. A description of Connecticut’s practices in maintaining adherence to federal guidelines is also featured in the memorandum.

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less than 1 minute

Special Education

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